• Learn about your True Self, Divinity, Nature, Actions and Time • Helps to harness your inner strength • Learn to maintain equilibrium in the face of setbacks. ‘The sign of vigor, the sign of life, the sign of hope, the sign of health, the sign of everything that is good is strength.’[Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda, 6:2]. There is sorrow at the root of all things, even at the base of this apparent, momentary satisfaction. So there is no unadulterated happiness even when we are apparently enjoying the so-called imagined happiness by contact of the sense of sensory objects. Verily, his wisdom is steady whose senses are under control.’ [Gita 2:61] ‘Endowed with a pure understanding, restraining the mind with tenacity, turning away from sound and other objects, and abandoning love and hatred.’ [Gita 18:51] ‘Dwelling in solitude . (In Vedanta philosophy, the concept of mind is comprehensive having four divisions defined by function: weighing pros and cons, determination, the sense of ‘I-ness,’ and memory. The movement of prakriti, the rotation of the wheel of this natural process consisting of sattva, rajas, and tamas, never allows us to be in a permanent condition. This article was originally published in the December 2008 edition of Vedanta Kesari. in speech, body and mind, ever engaged in the yoga of contemplation, and cultivating dispassion.’ [Gita 18:52], The practice of discrimination or vichara is another significant aspect of yoga. Yogapedia explains Bhagavad Gita The Bhagavad Gita is a 700-verse Hindu scripture, providing a synthesis of several key philosophical concepts of Hinduism and yoga in a narrative format. As threads are involved in a widespread fabric, our so-called individuality is involved in this network of creational process. … The so-called objects are not our concern. The unsurpassed art of living that the Gita expostulates, paves the way for the ‘liberation of man’ and that’s what makes the Gita, which probably is around for over two millennia now, the treatise of self-help. An average person’s identity or personality is an unstable, bewildering jumble of the external world, body, and mind. Since the soul is a part of God, it … This is a great solace which will be administered into us by the Bhagavadgita as we proceed further and further through the chapters, until we reach an apotheosis of this analysis and the truth is unveiled in a sort of apocalypse – the Vishvarupa to be described in the eleventh chapter. . But even selfless service and other spiritual practices should be performed giving up attachment and fruit—this is My conclusive and final view. As the sattva quality increases within oneself, the mind by degrees becomes integrated and well-balanced. Because the battlefield setting is usually interpreted as an allegory for the ethical and moral struggles of life, the Bhagavad Gita serves an ultimate guide to self-realization. In the terminology of the Gita, it is through yoga. Translation. In this cauldron of man-making, firming up who we really are, the important instruction Sri Krishna gives to Arjuna is that he should do his duty, his svadharma. The first secret is about duty. You have been introduced to the Universal nature of Self in the 7th chapter. The Gita lucidly explains the nature of consciousness, the self, and the universe. This is the agony and the anguish that attends upon the desire to come in contact with an object. « All Events . All ananda, all joy, is a union of the subject with its own Self. The process of vairagya and abhyasa constitutes a sort of dying, for the sake of a living in a higher sense. This false self is called the mithya-atman, consisting of the five sheaths to which we have already made reference – the koshas, so-called. How? [Gita 9:31] Fix your mind on Me alone, rest your thought on Me alone, and in Me alone you will live thereafter. The objects repel the senses because of the impossibility of coming in contact with the objects. dhyanenatmani pasyanti kecid atmanam atmana anye sankhyena yogena karma-yogena capare. The Bhagavad-gita is universally renowned as the jewel of India’s spiritual wisdom. Ce texte est un des écrits fondamentaux de l'hindouisme souvent considéré comme un « abrégé de toute la doctrine védique »2. Life is a contradiction, it appears. The gaunatman, or the secondary self, is the object of our desire, to put it precisely; it may be son, it may be daughter, it may be wife, it may be husband, it may be any blessed thing. Self-acceptance: Self-acceptance is a realistic perception of oneself, including awareness of one’s pluses and minuses. Row’s lectures on the Gita were originally published in Vol. The birth and death of the son is the birth and death of the father, as it were, as we see in social parlance. Autonomy: Autonomy or self-determination connotes an individual’s ability to deal independently with a variety of environmental factors. The conclusion about these two is truly perceived by the seers of Truth.’ [Gita 2:16] ‘That by which all this is pervaded know to be imperishable. You may become your friend, and you may also become your enemy, under certain given conditions. Development of virtues such as self-restraint, truthfulness and non-injury is essential for the practice of meditation and is the bedrock foundation of self-transformation. The necessity to sever sensory contact with external objects arises on account of a basic error involved in this contact. Session 4 - Soul_The Real Self . There is also samskara-dukha, mentioned by Patanjali in one of the sutras. TEXT 25. dhyanenatmani pasyanti kecid atmanam atmana anye sankhyena yogena karma-yogena capare. When there is a momentary cessation of rajasic activity – a flash of a second as it were, when we come in contact with an object – there is a preponderating feeling that the need for the movement of our mind towards the object ceases. [Gita 5:11] To work alone you have the right, but never to its fruits. . The real never ceases to be. Your own Self is your friend, and your Self has to guide your self. ‘For one who is born, death is certain.’ [Gita 2:27] ‘The unreal never is. Bhagavad Gita is the first and the best ever self-help book on life. It is the nature of the soul to be active. Bhagavad Gita also called the ‘holy song of the Lord’, is a gift given to the human society from Lord Sri Krishna to direct them towards seeking the higher goals of life. The Bhagavad-gita opens with blind King Dhritarashtra requesting his secretary, Sanjaya, to narrate the battle between his sons, the Kauravas, and their cousins, the Pandavas. Chapter 8: Attaining the Supreme Bg 8.3. ... Chapter 13: Nature, the Enjoyer and Consciousness. So even when we love our father, or son, or husband, or wife, or wealth, we are loving our own self in a terribly mistaken manner. In the language of the Vedanta, the Self is supposed to be understood by us in three ways – namely, the apparent self, which we seem to recognise in all objects of our longing or desire; a self which seems to be present in everything with which we are vitally connected, especially through our emotions, known as the gaunatman or the secondary self. A desire is never fulfilled; it only gets increased. It is self-evident from this that God is also in form like man. It seems to me that at the bottom each person is asking: ‘Who am I, really? Never let your motive be the fruit of action, nor be attached to inaction. . sparśān kṛtvā bahir bāhyāṁś caká¹£uś caivāntare bhruvoḥ, The Bhagavad Gita defines yoga as the process by which a person can connect with the Absolute, thereby attaining self-realization. It is also the primary human challenge, because success is not guaranteed. There is a perpetual other-consciousness, an awareness that things are outside, which keeps us in a rajasic mode. That’s why Sri Krishna exhorts Arjuna to be a man in the true sense of the word. As a result, Upanishadic thought revolved around the impersonal, imperishable Self, which is everyone’s unchanging identity, “I”. Becoming a well-developed psychological self, however, is but a phase in our evolution. They are the psychic personality of ours – the emotional, the vital, the volitional, etc., and even the physical bodily self. There is a different way to look at tri-guna. . all-pervading . It is an incessant movement of the finite towards the Infinite, a flow which is continuous like the movement of waters in a river. The reason is that every enjoyment, every sensory contact effecting this imagined satisfaction, acts as a medium to confirm this error – that joy arises from the objects. To a tragic extent, most people are stranded along this path of development. • Learn practical applications of wisdom of Gita in daily life • Learn about your True Self, Divinity, Nature, Actions and Time • Helps to harness your inner strength • Learn to maintain equilibrium in the face of setbacks. ‘Do not yield to unmanliness, O Partha, it is not worthy of you. . The Gita lucidly explains the nature of consciousness, the self, and the universe. The senses are to be withdrawn from their contact with the objects. Non-envious, friendly, and compassionate toward all beings, free from ideas of possession and ego-consciousness, sympathetic in pain and pleasure, forgiving, always contented . [Gita 9:27] By worshiping Him through the performance of duty does a man attain perfection. Chapters four, five and six of the Bhagavadgita in a way dilate upon the discipline that is required in the practise of yoga. Life is like the flow of a river, or the burning of the flame of a lamp which appears to maintain a substantiality and a solidity for all perceptional purposes, but is in fact a process rather than an existence. It is a 700-verse text in Sanskrit which comprises chapters 23 through 40 in the Bhishma-Parva section of the Mahabharata.. New York Truslove, Hanson & Comba, Ltd. 67 Fifth Avenue 1900. Spoken by Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead to His intimate disciple Arjuna, the Gita’s seven hundred concise verses provide a definitive guide to the science of self realization. The secondary self takes possession of the true Self, as it were, with such a power and intensity of grasp that we seem to be seeing ourselves in our so-called externalised forms of friends and enemies, while really we have gone against the larger dimension of our own higher Self when we confront enemies in this world, and we are in harmony with the dimension of our own higher Self when we see friends around us. The objects are to be shut-out from their relationship with the senses: sparśān kṛtvā bahir bāhyāṁ. Gita is one of the most influential treatise in eastern philosophy. Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, out of affection for His devotee, the Pandava prince Arjuna, has agreed to drive his chariot. 'A' is 'A', 'B' is 'B', subject is subject, and object is object. Drawing upon the essence of all Upanishads, Gita explains how the self, the atman, is limitless, indestructible, unborn. Some aspect of it I touched upon yesterday, and the study we made already is the foundational character of spiritual discipline, in a sense. This dying is not a loss – you will bring back to your memories what I told you yesterday – it is a gaining of the originality of things by awakening from one's involvement in the phenomenality of things. So firmly adhering to self-realisation such a yogi becomes enlightened in all respects. As milk is oozed out from the udder of the cow, it appears that objects ooze out satisfaction, joy – nectar seems to be milked-out of the objects by the senses through their contact. There is restlessness of mind before one comes in contact with the object of one's longing, distress regarding the possibility or otherwise of one's success in obtaining one's objective: "Will I succeed, or will I not succeed?" Anything that happens to the son happens to the father. Desire flames up like raging fire which is fed with clarified butter when it is attempted to be fulfilled, and desire is never extinguished by its being fed with the fuel of sense objects. We cannot even know that the world exists unless we move outwardly in space and time in the direction of another location where we place ourselves, for the time being, either in love or hatred, so that even there we are coming in contact with our own selves – only in a larger manner. Men of selfless action, giving up attachment, perform action through the body, mind, intellect, and senses, for the purification of the mind. Because the battlefield setting is usually interpreted as an allegory for the ethical and moral struggles of life, the Bhagavad Gita serves an ultimate guide to self-realization. Environmental mastery indicates that an individual can readily adapt and adjust to circumstances appropriate to the need or occasion. . Sometimes this quest is direct; sometimes it is indirect. Further as an aid to meditation, Sri Krishna recommends avoiding extremes in daily life: Yoga is not for him who eats too much nor for him who eats too little. Indeed, the self is its own friend; and the self is its own enemy. In addition to this, gradually we become aware, though indistinctly at first, of a higher power that is guiding and coordinating our lives. It is the essence of India's spiritual wisdom. Yoga has many aspects based on different functions of the mind—thinking, feeling, and willing. Swami Prabuddhananda, a senior monk of the Ramakrishna Order, is the Head of the Vedanta Society of Northern California, San Francisco. Are we this body or something more? And satisfaction, simplicity, gravity, self-control and purification of one’s existence are the austerities of the mind. The son loves his father, the father loves his son. A true moral sense is an inner awakening in a person that incites him to do what is right and checks him from going astray. When the body dies, the Self remains. [Gita 2:3]’ Have faith in yourself, stand up and fight the battle of life with firmness of mind, clarity and inner strength. I will liberate you from all sins, do not grieve. The Upanishads and the Bhagavad-Gita reveal the nature of the Brahman and Ataman. How can I become myself?’. Bhagavad-Gita study guide contains literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, ... Krishna responds by saying he is the true Self of every being, as well as the most glorious of every sphere on Earth and in the Heavens. So we are many a time told that man needs to be – he never is; we are to be yet. Our life may be considered to be such a movement, a flow, an analogy with which we are not very unfamiliar. If this unique facility among all creatures given to us is ignored, then we will be living in ignorance. Sensitivity to this inner voice of conscience requires lifelong discipline. BG 2.26: If, however, you think that the self is subject to constant birth and death, O mighty-armed Arjun, even … Commentary: Shree Krishna uses the word atha to indicate that Arjun may want to believe the other explanations that exist about the nature of the self. Weight: 60 g: Dimensions: 18 × 11 × 1 cm: Related products Add to wishlist. Of this there is no doubt. If you understand your true nature as Self (AdhyAtma), and as the life principle that exists within all that is … In the inward journey of self-discovery, we evolve from an indefinite individual to a psychologically well-integrated healthy person, and then ultimately to our true Self which is one without a second. The Bhagavad Gita is a remarkable synthesis of both the spiritual and mundane. Thus, the agony continues even in the future life – samskara-dukha. BG 3.43: Thus knowing the soul to be superior to the material intellect, O mighty armed Arjun, subdue the self … Commentary: In conclusion, Shree Krishna emphasizes that we should slay this enemy called lust through knowledge of the self. This screen, which is hanging in front of our eyes, space-time as you call it, prevents a real communion of the subject with the object; and all contact is finally a desire for such a communion which is never attained. Each of these has its own explanation for the nature of the self. And even when we love anything apparently other than our self, we convert it into our self in some artificial manner; otherwise, love for a thing or for a person is unthinkable in this world. Bhagavad Gita is the first and the best ever self-help book on life. TEXT 25 . There is a striking parallel between the Bhagavad Gita’s description of a sattvic mind and positive mental health according to psychologist Marie Jahoda. This step toward becoming autonomous is what Swami Vivekananda calls manliness, or man-making. These accretions are not vitally connected with the self – as much unconnected as clouds are in relation to the space in which they exist. In a very clear and wonderful way the Supreme Lord Krishna describes the science of self-realization and the exact process by which a human being can establish their eternal relationship with God. We do not enjoy an experience of pure subjectivity at any time, except in a perforce way in the state of deep-sleep when we may be said to be purely subjective; but that does us no good because of an absence of what is happening to us there. The Science of Meditation VI:5-6. Keeping oneself disentangled while working or dealing with people; that is, avoiding being caught in the intricate maze of activities and relationships. The Bhagavad Gita insists that the spiritual exists both within organisms and without. But the clouds do not cover the sun, and they do not contaminate space, though it appears that they do this. You know how thick clouds can hang over our heads and appear to contaminate space and cloud even the sun itself. Shrimad Bhagavad Gita in easy to understand English and Hindi ... whereas in Holy Bible in a chapter named ‘Genesis’ on Creation of Nature, it is written that God created man in His own image and after creating nature in six days, took rest on the seventh day. Become a strong person with self-respect, one who is able to defend his reputation by living up to one’s ideals and thereby maintain his position in life with assurance and courage. • Helps to unlock a deep inner wisdom. It pulls us powerfully from two different directions in contrary ways. All contacts are wombs of pain, says the Gita in another place: ye hi saṁsparśajā bhogā duḥkhayonaya eva te ādyantavantaḥ (Gita 5.22). In this comprehensive scheme, the first step in our evolution is to develop a well-defined personality. As one matures, one’s awareness of oneself and the outside world expands. This is a gross mistake; there is no such thing taking place. This is in essence the teaching of the Gita. Ce récit n'a ces… The self is the sense of ‘I-consciousness’ or individuality that we all have, though initially our identity is unclear. It is only after a long, sustained effort that we will be able to realize the true nature of this ‘I.’ The process of arriving at this knowledge is what we call self-transformation. We cannot say that the son is the father, or the father is the son. . Be informed of upcoming classes and news by entering details below… Name: Email: Mailing list: Advaita Vedanta Sanskrit Classes . BG 3.43: Thus knowing the soul to be superior to the material intellect, O mighty armed Arjun, subdue the self … Commentary: In conclusion, Shree Krishna emphasizes that we should slay this enemy called lust through knowledge of the self. Bhagavad Gita means "Song of the Spirit," the divine communion of truth-realization between man and his Creator, the teachings of Spirit through the soul, that should be sung unceasingly…. . So atma is within you and outside. Such a joy is compared sometimes in our scriptures to the cool shadow that we may enjoy under the hood of the cobra. Bhagavad-gita is knowledge of five basic truths and the relationship of each truth to the other: These five truths are Krishna, or God, the individual soul, the material world, action in this world, and time. If not, the illusions will take control. It is full of wisdom and contains every deep advice you will ever need to combat problems in life, and to annihilate inner demons. There is only a tantalising phenomenon taking place, misleading the mind and completely defeating the senses of their purpose. It is in question-answer format and has been written with the express intention to help those who read it to comprehend the fundamental questions of our being. [Gita 4:20]. The impressions created by the fulfilment of a desire will be enough to cast us, hurl into rebirth, because the samskaras, vasanas, or the grooves formed in the mind by the erroneous notion that joy is in the object. In short, be yourself; don’t imitate others. Ever-present and changeless, it is without beginning and end. There is also the other false self, called the mithya-atman, which is the psychophysical individuality – this so-called 'I', this physical 'I', this body 'I', this psychic 'I', this sensory 'I', etc. prāṇāpānau samau kṛtvā nāsābhyantaracāriṇau; yatendriyamanobuddhir munir moká¹£aparāyaṇaḥ; vigatecchābhayakrodho yaḥ sadā mukta eva saḥ (Gita 5.27-28). Thus sattva is healthy-mindedness which is needed not only in ordinary life, but is a sine qua non for the unfoldment of self. They are meticulous, persistent, and hardworking in their pursuit of seeking the happiness of sensual pleasures, of hypocrisy and egotism and of conceit. We speak in this train, but this is a physical, social and psychical way of defining the self. Therefore we should live according to our psychological makeup—our bent of mind, our aptitudes. Thus, the reality of the world seems to be a process rather than being as such. . This process is quickened through spiritual disciplines. A healthy mind is a friendly mind. October 7, 2020. This worldview sees the time period of embodied existence as spanning four ages, lasting billions of years. Does life end with death or it continues to exist after it? [Gita 5:10] Giving up all duties, take refuge in Me alone. I may be dispossessed of it." By giving up attachment to the results of action, not being satisfied with the immediate, ephemeral fruits, but striving for the highest fruit; that is, Self-realization. Nonetheless, the central goal of the maturational process is evolution toward autonomy. ‘Integration refers to the relatedness of all processes and attributes in an individual.’ But it also implies that the individual is aware of a unifying principle underlying his personality, which broadens his outlook on life. You saw how the Universal Self manifests in the material world and how the expression of Self gets limited through the three abstract categories of nature. Spoken by Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, to His intimate devotee Arjuna, the Gita’s seven hundred concise verses provide a definitive guide to the science of self-realization. Bhagavad Gita is knowledge of five basic truths and the relationship of each truth to the other: These five truths are Krishna, or God, the individual soul, the material world, action in this world, and time. Action pertaining to the development of these material bodies is called karma, or fruitive activities. Thus transformed we will become God-centered. The Gita lucidly explains the nature of consciousness, the self, and the universe. A healthy mind is a great gain, no doubt. This particular object which forces the subject, directs its attention towards itself, this power in the object which necessitates the subject to pour itself upon itself on the object, is the bondage of the individual. Sri Krishna instructed Arjuna, ‘One should raise oneself through the self . Even a self-realized person never gives up his duty. ... verse 29 of the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita. We are never in this condition at any time in this world. 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