Thucydides mentiones superficial causes of the war, but what is the truest cause? There is no other complete narrative of the Wars. Nevertheless, war cannot be predicted. Athens army refused to face Sparta. What was the political division between the Spartans and Athenians? The problem is war itself as a corrupting entity - the more war you fight the worse this war becomes 'proves a rough master' - a progressive decline in moral standards throughout the war as seen in Thucydides - is this a change in practice of warfare or a change in how people percieve war. 12. - It ended democracy in Athens when Sparta replaced it with an oligarchy. The war ended the Golden Age of Athenian Culture and arguably weakened the Greek world forever. The Sicilian Expedition was an Athenian military expedition to Sicily, which took place from 415–413 BC during the Peloponnesian War between the Athenian empire, or the Delian League, on one side and Sparta, Syracuse and Corinth on the other. Greeks fighting Greeks it is not natural unlike fighting barbarians such as Persians. Simultaneous to the end of this conflict came the end of the golden age of ancient Greece. ere not allowed to. The war is named for the Peloponnesus, the peninsula on which Sparta is located. What disaster occured for the Athenians during the half time period after the Peace of Nicias? The war occupies over one third of a century (27 years) which not everyone agrees with but Thucydides does because he defends it do passionately (he could be the only one however) - this makes the war great as it is the longest war. The Histories, a historical text, was written by Athenian Thucydides, who was considered one of the first historians to produce a book that was written using a scientific application and without reference to the gods. What happened during the Ionian War regarding Attica? The outcomes of the war caused a big change in ancient Greek. The Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) was fought between Athens and its empire, known as the Delian League, and the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta. The Peloponnesian War Causes. What was the cause of the Peloponnesian War according to Thucydides? Thucydides wrote us a history and in doing this he created the idea of the Peloponnesian war including its significance. What did Thucydides believe about ethnic ties with relation to the Peloponnesian war? told Sparta to attack Athens, or else they and their navy will change sides to Athenian allies. In this period of the war Sparta and her allies invaded the lands of Attica and took control thus trying to stop Athens from having all its lands for food production. The causes of the main Peloponnesian War need to be traced at least to the early 430s—the Great Gap period—although if Thucydides was right in his general explanation for the war, namely Spartan fear of Athenian expansion, the development of the entire 5th century and indeed part of the 6th were relevant.. The Athenians attempted and failed to take control of Sicily in 415-413 BC - shows Athenian self-belief. The women in the progressive era succeeded to ensure the rights of the black people, specifically, changes were made to give an equal education to black children. In this war, Sparta invaded Attica several times, while Athens used its naval might attack the Peloponnesian coast to put down any signs of unrest. Who are we dependent on as a contemporary source? The Peloponnesian War and Athenian Life. Importance of the Peloponnesian War . Why are we dependent on Thucydides as a source for the Peloponnesian War? Before the war, Athens had assumed much of the power over Greece.... See full answer below. The Peloponnesian War was fought between 431 and 404 bc . What is there a background of in the 440s BC? During this conflict, Greek warfare evolved from an originally limited and formalized form of conflict, to all-out … What does Ober argue about the Peloponnesian War? Find a summary of this and each chapter of The History of the Peloponnesian War! Why is the polarisation of the Greeks during the Peloponnesian War surprising? What issues did Athens have with Corinth? Why should we be cautious about using Thucydides as a source? Athenians were Ionians and Spartans were Dorians. Due to involvement in the progressive era, the women got the right to vote. It was important for the Athenians in how they percieved themselves and why they wanted conflict with Sparta eg Pericles' Funeral Oration - praise of the Athenian way of doing things whilst criticising the Spartans. an alliance of Greek city states led by Athens to protect Greece from further Persian attacks, an alliance of Greek city states led by Sparta to counter the Delian League, Athens forces other city-states to contribute money and materials to the Delian League, Sparta forms Peloponnesian League in response to Delian Leagu, Sparta is fearful of Athens growing power - even jealous of it, Pericles ambition to build an empire leads to conflict with Sparta, The Peloponnesian War raged from 431 to 404 BCE, Spartan army burns Athens crops, Plague kills 1/3 of population, Pericles is killed by the plague, Internal conflict - oligarchic revolt, City-states under Athenian control revolt and leave Delian League, Treasury is empty no money to fund war, Athenian navy defeated at battle of Aegospotami, Persia sends money and ships to aid Sparta. Thucydides believed that Sparta was getting scared of Athens which caused the war. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at Ancient Greece - Peloponnesian War. But that's not the Peloponnesian War, that's the first time that you start having very open conflict between the Spartans and the Athenians. What did Sparta never successfully do throughout the war? Xenophon who picks up where Thucydides left off but doesnt overlap, Herodotus who occasionally mentions a later event but doesnt overlap, Diodorus Siculus who in part is re-writing Thucydides and so there is not a totally seperate version. Within the Greek world, who supported who regarding political alliance? Start studying Peloponnesian War. famous Greek historian wrote about the Peloponnesian War and is considered the first scientific historian because he relied on only facts. Ethnic ties weren't working any longer after the Peloponnesian Wars and he believed that ethnicity wasn't important however because he is stating this opinion, we can infer that others believed ethnicity to be an important factor. What is the conflict between Athens and Sparta set up as being a result of? Chapter Summary for Thucydides's The History of the Peloponnesian War, book 5 chapter 17 summary. Athens-Delian League, Sparta-Peloponnesian League What effects did the Peloponnesian War have on all of Greece? The Peloponnesian War ended in victory for Sparta and its allies, but signaled the demise of Athenian naval and political hegemony throughout the Mediterranean. The FIRST phase of Peloponnesian War was uneventful and shorter than the second because... answer choices . Warfare as being noble and glorious - not running away. The Peloponnesian War was the most devastating war in the ancient Greek that was between the two most powerful states at that time Athens and Sparta. What do the conflicts and harsh impositions between Athens and Corinth, Megara and Aegina all show? Athens and Sparta had cooperated during the Persian War, but relations between these two most powerful states in mainland Greece deteriorated in the decades following the Greek victories of 479 B.C. Why is the Ionian war also called the Decelean war? To explain the Peloponnesian War first have to go through some of the important events that happened during that time. Where did both Athens and Sparta appeal to for especially financial support during the Ionian War? It convulsed Greece and changed the course of the Classical world. What naval disaser occured for the Athenians during the Ionian war? Athens and Sparta had fought each other before the outbreak of the Great Peloponnesian War (in what is sometimes called the First Peloponnesian War) but had agreed to a truce, called the Thirty Years’ Treaty, in 445. There are superficial causes (triggers) eg conflic with Potidaea, Corcyra, Aegina and Megara. What effect did the divisions in politics have on the Athenians? Athens refused to fight the Spartans which creates a stalemate and the war continues for ten years without any side gaining advantage and thus the Peace of Nicias followed. What did Thucydides believe about Sparta in relation to Athens which caused the Peloponnesian war? Peloponnesian War The first period of the war was called the Archidamian War and occurred between 431 and 421 BC. Because of the unity and Greek identity developed as a result of the Persian Wars, which Herodotus recounst in Book 8 - this unity has been dismantled. Athens massacred all of the male population on the island of Melos, which had a close affiliation with Sparta, demonstrating Athenian aggression continued during this half time period - this is accounted by Thucydides. Aristophanes for what it was like in Athens during the war, also do similar things with tragedy - stuck with Thucydides for a narrative though. Decelea in Athens was where the Spartans created a permanent base - they are not just invading annually anymore in order to get the Athenians to fight them. the downfall of the Delian League (in effect the Athenian Empire). Hence, there is a need for a proper study concerning the individual situations, reactions, and actions taken. But as we will see, this Peace of … The Peloponnesian war happened in 431 to 404 BC between Athens and Sparta, it began because of the fear that Sparta had of the power and prosperity of Athens and lasted 27 years. Athenian expansion as a cause of the Peloponnesian War - Athens attempted to impose its power on other city states. Thucydides’s account of the Peloponnesian War provides for a range of lessons about the nature of strategy applicable to a wide audience. What is the result of the Archidamian war? Start studying Greece Pre al sol review. The Histories is written about the Peloponnesian War and the events that led to its outbreak. What was the Athenian strategy for the Archidamian War? In the 5th century BCE Sparta and Athens were the two major powers in Greece and it was perhaps inevitable that their spheres of influence would overlap and cause conflict. The Athenian fleet was destroyed which left Athens unable to supply food to Attica and due to starvation the Athenians were forced to surrender to Sparta. They starved Athens into submission after 27 years and Sparta succeeded in dismantling the Athenian empire and Sparta inevitably wins the Peloponnesian War. Sparta seems to have been particularly alarmed at the growing power of Athens, able to build an ever-bigger fleet of ships thanks to tributes from its allies and dependants. The main outcome was. What does Thucydides believe about the dates of the war? What occured within the half time after the Peace of Nicias? The Peloponnesian War (431 - 404 B.C.) Which state does Athens impose harshly on? Peloponnesian War reshaped the ancient Greek world. Unfortunately, the response to the question is yes; the war can be inevitable. What other sources could we look at for the significance of the war? Results of the Peloponnesian War Athens is defeated - End of Golden Age, Greek city-states severely weakened, Socrates is blamed for result of war and sentenced to death, King Philip of Macedonia is able to conquer all of Greece because the Greeks had been weakened by 30 years of war What came after the Peace of Nicias and the end of the Archidamian War? Lasting for more than a quarter of a century, it marked the end of the golden age of Greece. What is another example of negative warfare in the Peloponnesian Wars, other than the battle of the Thebans and Plataeans? The Peloponnesian War was a conflict between the Greek city-states, Athens and Sparta, from 431 BC that brought an end to the Hellenic age of Pericles and his empire by the succession of Sparta by the end of the war. Athens had an issue with Corinth's daughter city Corcyra and a granddaughter city Epidamnus. What is the ideal of how Greek warfare works? What did the Spartans succeed in doing after the Athenians surrendered to them during the Ionian War? The period demonstrates the inherent complexity in understanding the concept of strategy, a concept that remains devoid of … What effect did the Peloponnesian War have on democracy? Persuaded Athens assembly to take a hard line when the Spartans demanded that Athens ease restrictions on city-states allied with Sparta. 2 The question that crosses the mind of the readers, as they read the book, Peloponnesian war, is that; is war inevitable? - It helped democracy spread to many city-states around the Aegean Sea. As a result, the Peloponnesian War was concluded. What comes out of Thucydides' account of the war distinctly? 'The Athenians everywhere destroyed oligarchies, the Spartans democracies. The Spartans held their assembly as less important than the Athenians and they had two kings - Sparta has elements of lots of different constitutional forms. What did Loraux argue about Thucydides' war? As the preeminent Athenian historian, Thucydides, wrote in his influential History of the Peloponnesian War, "The growth of the power of Athens, and the alarm which this inspired in Lacedaemon, made war inevitable." Thucydides was an Athenian historian who served as a general in the Peloponnesian War. Despite his involvement in the war and his Athenian roots, Thucydides represented himself as an unbiased witness … Where do we find an example of a clash of cultures in Thucydides? It was fought in 5th century BC between the democratic Athens and the Peloponnesian League led by oligarchic Sparta. What unusual battle does Thucydides account as the first battle of the Peloponnesian War? In the following years their respective blocs observed an uneasy peace. Sparta became the dominant city state for a while but lost the authority as leagues and alliances sprouted up around them. Why does Plato think that the Peloponnesian Wars is warranting such bad warfare? It occurs at Plataea which is reminiscent of the last battle which happened there during the Persian Wars and also, it is the first battle Thucydides accounts, which is how he introduced the war deliberately - this is a dirty war unlike the Persian Wars. Thucydides in Book 7 recounts a massacre at Mycalessus, where Athenian soldiers destroyed and attacked a school. Democracy for Athenains vs oligarchy for Spartans. Sparta won the Peloponnesian War, becoming the dominant power in ancient Greece. athenian navy destroyed, war continued until it surrendered Outcomes of the Peloponnesian War sparta won, most city-states were destitute, agriculture destroyed, trade almost nonexistent, and left greece … . Fought between the allies of Sparta and the empire of Athens, the crippling Peloponnesian War paved the way for the Macedonian takeover of Greece by Philip II of Macedon and, following that, Alexander the Great's empire. What were important aspects of Spartan politics? What happened at Aegospotamoi with the Athenians during the Ionian War? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Athens as an indirect threat to Sparta according to Thucydides.