The name Tel Aviv means hill of Spring. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Tel Aviv, Israel on Tripadvisor: See 350,654 traveler reviews and photos of Tel Aviv tourist attractions. The city also contains Assuta Medical Center, a private hospital which offers surgical and diagnostic services in all fields of medicine and has an IFV clinic. [192] Apart from bus tours, architectural tours, Segway tours, and walking tours are also popular. The Tel Aviv Performing Arts Center is home of the Israeli Opera, where Plácido Domingo was house tenor between 1962 and 1965, and the Cameri Theatre. [28] Many new Jewish immigrants to Palestine disembarked in Jaffa, and remained in Tel Aviv, turning the city into a center of urban life. An English language radio station, TLV1, is based at Kikar Hamedina. [105], Moreover, in the past few years, Rothschild Boulevard which is located at beginning in Neve Tzedek had become an attraction both of tourist, businesses and startups. [239][240] It has been suggested that if this proves successful, other neighboring cities such as Ramat Gan and Givatayim would then be merged into Tel Aviv. Other districts, such as Sarona, have been developed with office towers. According to the plan, large numbers of skyscrapers and high-rise buildings at least 18 stories tall would be built in the entire area between Ibn Gabirol Street and the eastern city limits, as part of the master plan's goal of doubling the city's office space to cement Tel Aviv as the business capital of Israel. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Located on the Israeli Mediterranean coastline and with a population of 460,613, it is the economic and technological center of the country. [22][147] Some 3,000 buildings were created in this style between 1931 and 1939 alone. [123], Tel Aviv has 544 active synagogues,[134] Batey Haosef Museum specializes in Israel Defense Forces military history. [177] With 2,482 seats, the Heichal HaTarbut is the city's largest theatre and home to the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra. One of Tel Aviv’s landmarks and most famous streets is Rothschild Boulevard, located between Neve Tzedek and the Habima Theater. The market dates back to the 1920s and offers a little bit of everything: fresh fruit, vegetables, spices, dates the size of golf balls and glasses of freshly … [176] Tel Aviv's center for modern and classical dance is the Suzanne Dellal Center for Dance and Theatre in Neve Tzedek. Tel Aviv’s very name was chosen to convey rebirth of the modern country of Israel, once the ancient Jewish homeland. It was found fitting as it embraced the idea of a renaissance in the ancient Jewish homeland. [160], Tel Aviv has been ranked as the twenty-fifth most important financial center in the world. [19] The issue also had international sensitivity, since the main part of Jaffa was in the Arab portion of the United Nations Partition Plan, whereas Tel Aviv was not, and no armistice agreements had yet been signed. The early architecture of Tel Aviv consisted largely of European-style single-story houses with red-tiled roofs. The boardwalk here is a favorite for promenading youngsters, while families flock to the area on weekends. [32], New laws were introduced to protect Modernist buildings, and efforts to preserve them were aided by UNESCO recognition of the Tel Aviv's White City as a world heritage site in 2003. There are many hip cafes and restaurants such as Beer Bazaar and Tony & Esther. [133], Tel Aviv's population reached a peak in the early 1960s at around 390,000, falling to 317,000 in the late 1980s as high property prices forced families out and deterred young couples from moving in. Uber does not operate in Israel, however there are several taxi apps including Gett and Yango. During the operation, a bomb blast on a bus wounded at least 28 civilians, three seriously. Other Jewish suburbs of Jaffa established before Tel Aviv eventually became part of Tel Aviv, the oldest among them being Neve Tzedek (est. Shopping malls in Tel Aviv include Dizengoff Center, Ramat Aviv Mall and Azrieli Shopping Mall and markets such as Carmel Market, Ha'Tikva Market, and Bezalel Market. Show More Show Less . In December 2012, the city was ranked second on a list of top places to found a high tech startup company, just behind Silicon Valley. Tel Aviv's White City emerged in the 1930s, and became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003. A mass out-migration of residents from Tel Aviv, to adjoining cities like Petah Tikva and Rehovot, where better housing conditions were available, was underway by the beginning of the 1970s, and only accelerated by the Yom Kippur War. The members' names were written on the white shells and the plot numbers on the grey shells. Driving south on Ayalon gives access to Highway 4 leading to Ashdod, Highway 1, leading to Ben Gurion International Airport and Jerusalem and Highway 431 leading to Jerusalem, Modiin, Rehovot and the Highway 6 Trans-Israel Highway. There are regular flights to Tel Aviv from the UK, USA and Europe. M. Gorion (Wager), Introduction to the History of Local Government in Israel (Jerusalem: University of Tel Aviv, 1957), pp.184–5 [Hebrew]. [53], The boundaries of Tel Aviv and Jaffa became a matter of contention between the Tel Aviv municipality and the Israeli government in 1948. Head to Carmel Market for a huge selection of spices, fruit and vegetables. [138] The population was 93% Jewish, 1% Muslim, and 1% Christian. [24] The marketing pamphlets advocating for its establishment stated:[24]. [63] Tel Aviv soon began to emerge as a global high-tech center. Tel Aviv has produced a number of well-known political leaders, economists, violinists, actors, tv presenters and several other personalities from other spheres. "[74], Since the First Intifada, Tel Aviv has suffered from Palestinian political violence. Tel Aviv is a major transportation hub, served by a comprehensive public transport network, with many major routes of the national transportation network running through the city. Also known as The Big Orange, this 20-square-mile seaside city boasts multiple foreign embassies, museums and cultural centers, including the Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Beit Hatfutsot-Museum of the Jewish People, Tel Aviv Performing Arts Center, Habima National Theater, Cameri Theater, Suzanne Dellal Center for Dance and Theater and many others. The United States pressured Israel not to retaliate, and after Israel acquiesced, the US and Netherlands rushed Patriot missiles to defend against the attacks, but they proved largely ineffective. The wooden deck stretches for 9 miles, all the way to Jaffa. It also houses the Olympic Committee of Israel and the National Athletics Stadium with the Israeli Athletic Association. They combine these with amba, a mango pickle, salad, pickled vegetables, herbs, pita bread and tahini sauce, to create a delicious and nutritious meal. A process of gentrification began in some of the poor neighborhoods of southern Tel Aviv and many older buildings began to be renovated. Established in 2014, M&H worked closely with the late whisky expert Dr James Swan to create a world class single malt. During the March 1947 martial law in Mandatory Palestine, Tel Aviv was placed under martial law by the British authorities for 15 days, with the residents kept under curfew for all but three hours a day as British forces hunted for militants. The Second Aliyah led to further expansion. This pedestrianized Tel Aviv market is a good place to find handmade jewelry and artworks. A master plan for the Tel Aviv township was created by Patrick Geddes, 1925, based on the garden city movement. The historic Herzliya Hebrew Gymnasium was controversially demolished, to make way for the Shalom Meir Tower, which was completed in 1965, and remained Israel's tallest building until 1999. It is estimated that over 400 restaurants in Tel Aviv are vegan or have vegan dishes on their menu. Shuk HaCarmel is one of Tel Aviv’s most famous markets. The city averages 528 millimeters (20.8 in) of precipitation annually. The 18th floor rooftop bar is one of hottest places to go at night in Tel Aviv. A new elementary school is planned north of Sde Dov as well as a new high school in northern Tel Aviv.[123]. [16] Other neighborhoods were Neve Shalom (1890), Yafa Nof (1896), Achva (1899), Ohel Moshe (1904), Kerem HaTeimanim (1906), and others. In 2006, 51,359 children attended school in Tel Aviv, of whom 8,977 were in municipal kindergartens, 23,573 in municipal elementary schools, and 18,809 in high schools. [28] The first 60 plots were purchased in Kerem Djebali near Jaffa by Jacobus Kann, a Dutch citizen, who registered them in his name to circumvent the Turkish prohibition on Jewish land acquisition. TEL AVIV-YAFO MUNCIPILITY. Maccabi Tel Aviv Sports Club was founded in 1906 and competes in more than 10 sport fields. Winters are mild and wet, with most of the annual precipitation falling within the months of December, January and February as intense rainfall and thunderstorms. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Tel Aviv University, the largest university in Israel, is known internationally for its physics, computer science, chemistry and linguistics departments. [237] It contains Ichilov Hospital, the Ida Sourasky Rehabilitation Center, Lis Maternity and Women's Hospital, and Dana-Dwek Children's Hospital. The most famous female Israeli artist, Ilana Goor has created a fabulous museum in her house in Jaffa. [123] The population over age 65 stands at 14.6 percent compared with 19% in 1983. Named "the best gay city in the world" by American Airlines, Tel Aviv is one of the most popular destinations for LGBT tourists internationally, with a large LGBT community. [179], The city often hosts international musicians at venues such as Yarkon Park, Expo Tel Aviv, the Barby Club, the Zappa Club and Live Park Rishon Lezion just south of Tel Aviv. [146] Neve Tzedek, the first neighborhood to be constructed outside of Jaffa is characterised by two-story sandstone buildings. The remaining 5 percent were not classified by religion. Within the city, main routes include Kaplan Street, Allenby Street, Ibn Gabirol Street, Dizengoff Street, Rothschild Boulevard, and in Jaffa the main route is Jerusalem Boulevard. (2012) What's Next for the Start up Nation? According to the founders, the idea was to make purchasing digital and creative services as simple as buying something on Amazon. The market is open twice a week, on Tuesdays and Fridays. What is there to do … Tel Aviv has a population of 460,613 spread over a land area of 52,000 dunams (52 km2; 20 sq mi), yielding a population density of 7,606 people per square km (19,699 per square mile). (2006) The Strategic Plan for Tel Aviv Yafo. [139] Israel Meir Lau is Chief Rabbi of the city. National Sport Center Tel Aviv (also Hadar Yosef Sports Center) is a compound of stadiums and sports facilities. [126] Tel Aviv also has several colleges. [75] On 6 March 1996, another Hamas suicide bomber killed 13 people (12 civilians and 1 soldier), many of them children, in the Dizengoff Center suicide bombing. New neighborhoods, such as Park Tzameret, have been constructed to house apartment towers such as Yoo Tel Aviv towers, designed by Philippe Starck. The LightHouse Hotel Tel Aviv By Brown Hotels has a handy location close to the beach but within walking distance of the city centre. Tel Aviv is commonly known as “The White City” due to the number of white Bauhaus buildings that were built here in the 1930s and 1940s. [231] The Red Line starts at Petah Tikva's Central Bus Station, east of Tel Aviv and follows the Jabotinsky Road (Route 481) westwards at street level. Tel Aviv might not be a huge city but there are many many diverse neighborhoods. Archaeological evidence shows signs of human settlement there starting in roughly 7,500 BC. [28] The flag and city arms of Tel Aviv (see above) contain under the red Star of David 2 words from the biblical book of Jeremiah: "I (God) will build You up again and you will be rebuilt." The inhabitants of the southeastern suburb of HaTikva erected an angel-monument as a sign of their gratitude that "it was through a great miracle, that many people were preserved from being killed by a direct hit of a Scud rocket. There are many great beaches in Tel Aviv, including Gordon Beach, Hilton Beach and Jerusalem Beach. conservative high. In April 2011, Tel Aviv municipality launched Tel-O-Fun, a bicycle sharing system, in which 150 stations of bicycles for rent were installed within the city limits. The statue of David Ben Gourion, the first Prime Minister of Israel, doing a headstand on the beach is a quirky sight. [171] In 2013, Tel Aviv had more than 700 startup companies and research and development centers, and was ranked the second-most innovative city in the world, behind Medellín and ahead of New York City. Autumns and springs are characterized by sharp temperature changes, with heat waves that might be created due to hot and dry air masses that arrive from the nearby deserts. [146] 1886). Ramat Aviv, a district in the northern part of the city that is largely made up of luxury apartments and includes Tel Aviv University, is currently undergoing extensive expansion and is set to absorb the beachfront property of Sde Dov Airport after its decommissioning. #1 of 76 Sights & Landmarks in Tel Aviv "the Promonada of Tel Aviv one of the BEST PLACES regarding great beach with all the facilities including chairs, umbrellas, sunbeds, water fountains and showers, locker room, restaurants, coffee houses, bikes, and..." The main bus network in Tel Aviv metropolitan area operated by Dan Bus Company, Metropoline and Kavim. In 1993, Tel Aviv was categorized as a world city.[64]. [122] The city's education standards are above the national average: of its 12th-grade students, 64.4 percent are eligible for matriculation certificates. There are also a sizable number of Ethiopian Jews and their descendants living in Tel Aviv. [136] Tensions between religious and secular Jews before the gay pride parade ended in vandalism of a synagogue. The cosmopolitan atmosphere of Tel Aviv and the picturesque streets of Jaffa make this a must visit Mediterranean destination. The street is full of historic buildings included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. A new museum highlighting the skills of Israeli illusionist Uri Geller is due to open on Mazal Arieh Street in November. [102] Because of the expansion of Tel Aviv and the Gush Dan region, absolute borders between Tel Aviv and Jaffa and between the city's neighborhoods do not exist. [97][98][99][100] This was described as a terrorist attack by Israel, Russia, and the United States and was condemned by the United Nations, United States, United Kingdom, France and Russia, whilst Hamas spokesman Sami Abu Zuhri declared that the organisation "blesses" the attack. [180][181][182] After Israel's victory in 2018, Tel Aviv was named host city for the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest (the first Israeli-hosted Eurovision held outside of Jerusalem). In 2010, the design of the renovated Tel Aviv Port (Nemal Tel Aviv) won the award for outstanding landscape architecture at the European Biennial for Landscape Architecture in Barcelona. [232] The line is being built instead by NTA—The Tel Aviv region's mass transit development authority. However, the city's municipality struggled to cope with an influx of new immigrants. [199] Israeli designers, such as swimwear company Gottex show their collections at leading fashion shows, including New York's Bryant Park fashion show. and portrayed what it saw as the city's existential problems: "Residents leaving the city, businesses penetrating into residential areas, economic and social gaps, deteriorating neighbourhoods, contaminated air - Is the First Hebrew City destined for a slow death? In May 2010, the ministry of finance decided to cancel the agreement with MTS due to the difficulties and the agreement was cancelled in August 2010. Jaffa Railway Station was the first railway station in the Middle East. [50] During World War II, Tel Aviv was hit by Italian airstrikes on 9 September 1940, which killed 137 people in the city.[51]. New opening target: 2016", Now it's final? [202][203] American journalist David Kaufman has described the city as a place "packed with the kind of 'we're here, we're queer' vibe more typically found in Sydney and San Francisco. Politically, Tel Aviv is known to be a stronghold for the left, in both local and national issues. In this city we will build the streets so they have roads and sidewalks and electric lights. Increasing in the 1931 census to 46,101, in 12,545 houses. On the boardwalk, the I Heart Tel Aviv sign is a perfect photo opportunity. [188][189] The city has also been ranked as one of the top 10 oceanfront cities. Tel Aviv and other Israeli cities continued to be hit by Scuds throughout the war, and every city in the Tel Aviv area except for Bnei Brak was hit. Cost of living survey 2012 | News | guardian.co.uk", "MasterCard ranks Tel Aviv as fifth most visited city in Middle East and Africa", "Tourists rank Jerusalem and Tel Aviv among top cities to visit", "Today in history: Founding of Tel Aviv - Christian News - Jerusalem Post", "The promised landfill: 106 years of garbage in Tel Aviv", "Tel-Aviv Centennial – "Ahuzat-Bayit Land Lottery", "The White City: Tel Aviv And Its Bauhaus Tradition", http://www.isragen.org.il/siteFiles/1/153/6574.asp, Report of the Commission of Enquiry into the disturbances in Palestine in May, 1921, "White City of Tel-Aviv – the Modern Movement", "LOCALITIES, POPULATION AND DENSITY PER SQ. Today, the house is a museum open to the public on Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays. Many offbeat museums and galleries operate in the southern areas, including the Tel Aviv Raw Art contemporary art gallery.[210][211]. Private taxis are white with a yellow sign on top. Israeli food is extremely varied and healthy. Yuval Scharf was born on June 4, 1985 in Tel-Aviv, Israel. Tel Aviv–Yafo, Yafo also spelled Jaffa or Joppa, Arabic Yāfa, major city and economic centre in Israel, situated on the Mediterranean coast some 40 miles (60 km) northwest of Jerusalem. With 2,482 seats, the Heichal HaTarbut is the city's largest theatre and home to the Israe… [19] The government voted on the unification of Tel Aviv and Jaffa on 4 October 1949, but the decision was not implemented until 24 April 1950 due to the opposition of Tel Aviv mayor Israel Rokach. Looking for more travel hacks and tips? Tel Aviv, established as suburb of Jaffa, received "township" or local council status within the Jaffa Municipality in 1921. [19], Immigration by mostly Jewish refugees meant that the growth of Tel Aviv soon outpaced that of Jaffa, which had a majority Arab population at the time. The Tel Aviv Rowing Club, established in 1935 on the banks of the Yarkon River, is the largest rowing club in Israel. [116][117][118] The Tel Aviv City Hall is located at Rabin Square. By 2012, 28 percent of the city's population was aged between 20 and 34 years old. The Tel Aviv Museum of Art is one of Israel's premier artistic institutions, housing works from the 16th century to the present. Tel Aviv, accommodating about 500,000 commuter cars daily, suffers from increasing congestion. When Israel declared Independence on 14 May 1948, the population of Tel Aviv was over 200,000. Efforts are under way to refurbish Bauhaus buildings and restore them to their original condition.[148]. It had been fought over numerous times. Whether … [128] Other notable schools in Tel Aviv include Shevah Mofet, the second Hebrew school in the city, Ironi Alef High School for Arts and Alliance. [19] The name of the unified city was Tel Aviv until 19 August 1950, when it was renamed Tel Aviv-Yafo in order to preserve the historical name Jaffa. [57] However, others saw this as a transitional period. You might also enjoy these other destinations in Asia: Like these things to see in Tel Aviv? Your email address will not be published. [190], Tel Aviv is known as "the city that never sleeps" and a "party capital" due to its thriving nightlife, young atmosphere and famous 24-hour culture. Enav Cultural Center is one of the newer additions to the cultural scene. They are by Leah Majaro Mintz, granddaughter of Shimon Rokach and a well known sculptor. Established in 1887, it is the oldest district in Tel Aviv apart from Jaffa. [226] The site, which was renamed Ariel Sharon Park to honor Israel's former prime minister, will serve as the centerpiece in what is to become a 2,000-acre (8.1 km2) urban wilderness on the outskirts of Tel Aviv, designed by German landscape architect, Peter Latz. [55], By the early 1970s, Tel Aviv had entered a long and steady period of continuous population decline, which was accompanied by urban decay. Tel Aviv: Cultural Center Tel Aviv’s cultural scene is rich and diverse diverse. (2013) A Global City, An Interview with The Honorable Ron Huldai, Mayor, Tel Aviv-Yafo. Ramses Gate is a reconstruction of how the fortress gate looked. [205] In addition, Tel Aviv hosts an annual LGBT Film festival. According to some estimates, about 50,000 unregistered African and Asian foreign workers live in the city. Both freezing temperatures and snowfall are extremely rare in the city. The city is also served by local and inter-city share taxis. [32], In the Gulf War in 1991, Tel Aviv was attacked by Scud missiles from Iraq. Neve Tsedek has long been popular with artists and writers. The city is mentioned in ancient Egyptian documents, as well as the Hebrew Bible. The airport is 15 kilometres (9 mi) southeast of Tel Aviv, on Highway 1 between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. 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